mba 2012
Economist Oct 4th 2012

full ranking裡面有各個學校的資料以及學生情報,比如說GAMT平均分數、入學年齡等,相當具參考價值。

今年芝大又把第一名的位置奪回。而前十名的仍然是有八間是北美(嚴格來講,就是美國)的學校。前25名都是歐洲跟北美的學校,亞太最高的是澳洲的University of Queensland,排名27。單論亞洲最高的則是41名的港大。

Which MBA? briefing: Not welcome here這篇文章寫到歐洲商學院近期碰到的問題,我大略翻一下。

今年有個明顯的現象。過去幾年間,放棄美國而前往歐洲念MBA的學生增加很多,通常是因為歐洲學費較低廉、學生組成較多樣性、起薪高等原因。這些因素多還存在,但已經沒有足夠的魅力吸引學生去就讀了。許多頂尖歐洲商學院的新生招收數量都下降,比如說英國的Aston註冊人數比前年少了超過一半(129人->59人),而減少最多的是亞洲學生。另外巴黎的HEC去年的全職MBA註冊學生人數是233人但今年僅有181人。這個現象在歐洲很常見,有些較小型的商學院很勉強地才招到30個學生,這是讓學校保持在高排名內的最低限度。

明顯地這跟歐洲疲軟的經濟有關,念MBA通常可以是躲避短期經濟低迷的好方法。但如果MBA的潛在學生認為歐洲短期內不會復甦,在那邊也找不到工作,到歐洲念MBA就不會是個聰明的選擇。

在經濟學人追蹤的英國商學院中,課堂人數減少了11%。學校認為這得歸咎到英國對非歐盟人士的簽證限制越來越嚴格。以前畢業生有兩年的option可以找工作(筆者在英國畢業時還有此條件),現在他們則必須找到一個贊助者以及一份工作,支付一年至少2萬英鎊(32,000美元)的費用。準備成為MBA的學生當然意識到這點。Cranfield 管理學院的MBA Director David Simmon甚至建議不要到英國念MBA。前一陣子London Metropolitan Unicersity(LMU)被禁止招收歐盟以外學生,英國政府也自動停發將就讀此學校的學生簽證,更是雪上加霜。英國政府認為LMU在審核學生資格跟核發簽證的程序不夠嚴謹,LMU的2600名已註冊學生,其中有些是MBA學生,被迫要重新申請其他學校。

在美國念完學位的人也很難在美國就業,這十年來的MBA畢業後薪資也停滯不前,美國MBA的時間又比歐洲長(成本也隨之增加)。對那些較貧窮國家來講,歐洲本來應該是更好的選擇,但上述的事實讓歐洲商學院很難堪。

而在美國關起大門以後,澳洲跟加拿大則是敞開了大門。澳洲將簽證的放發限制降低,使得其MBA更受歡迎。而若是在加拿大念完兩年碩士的人,可自動留在加拿大三年,不一定已經要有job offer,且找的工作也不一定要跟原本就讀的領域有關,而美國都需要。相較於其他地方,這也是申請到加拿大念全職MBA的人數跟其他地方比起來有顯著增加的原因之一。而在加拿大念MBA的外國人畢業之後通常都會先留在加拿大就業,之後便會帶著習得的技能返回母國。

歐洲商學院除了要跟其他富裕國家競爭以外,亞洲的新興國家也是競爭標的。因為亞洲的大學品質提升的緣故,現在亞洲學生傾向留在亞洲求學。雖然印度中國等國家被認可的商學院還不多,但已經快速成長。英國的MBA認證機構AMBA十年前僅認可中國的一間學校,現在有20間,其中還有五間是在過去半年中通過審核的。經濟學人擔心如果富裕國家的商學院不再歡迎鋪紅毯迎接學生,很快他們會發現門外連排隊的人都沒有了。


北美排名
1 Chicago, University of - Booth School of Business U.S.
2 Dartmouth College - Tuck School of Business U.S.
3 Virginia, University of - Darden Graduate School of Business Administration U.S.
4 Harvard Business School U.S.
5 Columbia Business School U.S.
6 California at Berkeley, University of - Haas School of Business U.S.
7 Massachusetts Institute of Technology – MIT Sloan School of Management U.S.
8 Stanford Graduate School of Business U.S.
11 New York University – Leonard N Stern School of Business U.S.
13 Pennsylvania, University of – Wharton School U.S.
15 Cornell University – Samuel Curtis Johnson Graduate School of Management U.S.
16 York University – Schulich School of Business Canada
17 Carnegie Mellon University – The Tepper School of Business U.S.
20 Northwestern University – Kellogg School of Management U.S.
21 Emory University – Goizueta Business School U.S.
23 UCLA Anderson School of Management U.S.
24 Michigan, University of – Stephen M. Ross School of Business U.S.
26 Yale School of Management U.S.
28 Texas at Austin, University of – McCombs School of Business U.S.
29 Duke University – Fuqua School of Business U.S.
31 Hult International Business School U.S.
32 Vanderbilt University – Owen Graduate School of Management U.S.
33 Ohio State University – Fisher College of Business U.S.
34 Washington, University of – Foster School of Business U.S.
35 Georgetown University – Robert Emmett McDonough School of Business U.S.
39 Rice University – Jesse H Jones Graduate School of Business U.S.
40 North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of – Kenan-Flagler Business School U.S.
43 Southern California, University of – Marshall School of Business U.S.
44 Indiana University – Kelley School of Business U.S.
47 Washington University in St Louis – Olin Business School U.S.
49 Notre Dame, University of – Mendoza College of Business U.S.
50 Wake Forest University Schools of Business U.S.
51 Wisconsin School of Business U.S.
53 Maryland, University of – Robert H Smith School of Business U.S.
55 Boston University School of Management U.S.
58 Minnesota, University of – Carlson School of Management U.S.
59 Arizona State University – W. P. Carey School of Business U.S.
65 Iowa, University of – Henry B Tippie School of Management U.S.
67 California at Davis, University of-Graduate School of Management U.S.
68 Pennsylvania State University – Smeal College of Business U.S.
71 Texas Christian University – Neeley School of Business U.S.
73 George Washington University – School of Business U.S.
75 McGill University – Desautels Faculty of Management Canada
77 Temple University – Fox School of Business U.S.
78 Concordia University – John Molson School of Business Canada
82 Southern Methodist University – Cox School of Business U.S.
89 Rochester, University of – William E Simon Graduate School of Business U.S.
90 Purdue University – Krannert Graduate School of Management U.S.
91 British Columbia, University of – Sauder School of Business Canada
93 HEC Montréal Canada
95 Calgary, University of – Haskayne School of Business Canada
98 University of Georgia – Terry College of Business U.S.
99 Pittsburgh, University of – Katz Graduate School of Business U.S.
100 Case Western Reserve University – Weatherhead School of Management U.S.

歐洲排名
9 IESE Business School - University of Navarra Spain
10 IMD - International Institute for Management Development Switzerland
12 London Business School United Kingdom
14 HEC School of Management, Paris France
18 ESADE Business School Spain
19 INSEAD France
22 IE Business School Spain
25 Bath, University of – School of Management United Kingdom
30 City University – Cass Business School United Kingdom
36 Mannheim Business School Germany
37 Cranfield School of Management United Kingdom
42 Henley Business School United Kingdom
45 Cambridge, University of – Judge Business School United Kingdom
48 Oxford, University of – Saïd Business School United Kingdom
52 EDHEC Business School France
54 Strathclyde, University of – Business School United Kingdom
57 EMLYON France
60 Warwick Business School United Kingdom
63 University College Dublin – Michael Smurfit Graduate School of Business Ireland
64 Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University Netherlands
66 Vlerick Leuven Gent Management School Belgium
69 Grenoble Graduate School of Business France
70 SDA Bocconi School of Management Italy
74 Durham Business School United Kingdom
76 Audencia Nantes School of Management France
80 Lancaster University Management School United Kingdom
81 University of St. Gallen Switzerland
84 Birmingham, University of – Birmingham Business School United Kingdom
86 Nottingham University Business School United Kingdom
87 WHU – Otto Beisheim School of Management Germany
88 Aston Business School United Kingdom
96 Copenhagen Business School Denmark
97 International University of Monaco Monaco

亞太排名
27 Queensland, University of – Business School Australia
38 Melbourne Business School – University of Melbourne Australia
41 Hong Kong, University of – Faculty of Business and Economics Hong Kong
46 Curtin Graduate School of Business Australia
56 Indian Institute of Management – Ahmedabad India
61 Macquarie Graduate School of Management Australia
62 Hong Kong University of Science and Technology – School of Business and Management Hong Kong
72 Nanyang Business School – Nanyang Technological University Singapore
79 International University of Japan – Graduate School of International Management Japan
83 Yonsei University School of Business Republic of Korea
85 China Europe International Business School (CEIBS) China
92 National University of Singapore – The NUS Business School Singapore
94 Chinese University of Hong Kong Hong Kong
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